HealthDay News — The lifetime prevalence of suicide ideation (SI) is 17.4% among physicians, while lifetime prevalence of suicide attempt (SA) is 1.8%, according to a review published online Oct. 6 in Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.
Min Dong, MD, from Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences in Guangzhou, China, and colleagues examined the prevalence of suicide-related behavior among physicians and its associated factors in a meta-analysis. Data were included from 35 eligible studies with 70,368 physicians.
The researchers found that the lifetime prevalence of SI was 17.4%, while 1-year, 6-month, and 1-month prevalence rates were 8.6, 11.9, and 8.6%, respectively. The lifetime prevalence of SA was 1.8%, with a 1-year prevalence of 0.3%. Geographic region was significantly associated with lifetime and one-year SI prevalence in subgroup analyses, while there was a significant association noted for sample size and 1-month SI prevalence.
“Appropriate preventive and treatment measures should be implemented to reduce the risk of suicide-related behaviors in this population. Effective suicide preventive programs to reduce the psychological distress, sleeping disturbances, and work harassment faced by physicians should be provided, such as hotline services, self-care workshops, and web-based cognitive behavioral therapy,” the authors write. “In addition, regular screening of suicide-related behaviors could be useful to encourage early referral to mental health services if necessary.”