HealthDay News — A newly developed scale may identify patients addicted to tanning, according to a study published online in the British Journal of Dermatology.

Cecilie Schou Andreassen, PhD, from University of Bergen in Norway, and colleagues developed a new 7-item tanning addiction scale based on core addiction criteria.

The scale was administered online to a cross-sectional convenience sample of 23,537 adults along with an assessment of demographic factors; the 5-factor model of personality; and symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety, and depression.

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The researchers found that tanning addiction was positively associated with being female, not being in a relationship, extroversion, neuroticism, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsiveness. An inverse association was seen between tanning addiction and educational level, intellect/openness, and depression.

“The new scale, Bergen Tanning Addiction Scale, showed good psychometric properties, and is the first scale to fully conceptualize tanning addiction within a contemporary addiction framework,” the authors write.

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Andreassen CS, Pallesen S, Torsheim T, Demetrovics Z, Griffiths MD. Tanning addiction: conceptualisation, assessment, and correlates [published online February 25, 2018]. Br J Dermatol. doi: 10.1111/bjd.16480